New HSLS Guide for NIH Data Management and Sharing Policy

The National Institutes of Health’s new Policy for Data Management and Sharing (DMS Policy), which goes into effect January 25, 2023, will require NIH-funded researchers to submit a plan outlining how scientific data from their research will be managed and shared within their funding application. The policy includes an expectation that researchers will maximize their data sharing within ethical, legal, or technical constraints, and it explicitly encourages researchers to incorporate data sharing, via deposit into a public repository, into their standard research process.

To help University of Pittsburgh researchers comply with the new policy, HSLS Data Services has put together a new guide, with each topic of the guide organized into three sections:

  • Learning content
  • Videos (forthcoming) and slides
  • Related resources, including official notices and guidance from the NIH

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Indulge in a New Book over Winter Break

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Looking for a good book to relax with over winter break? HSLS has over 200 print books to choose from in the Leisure Reading Collection. There is a wonderful variety of fiction and non-fiction in a wide range of genres, which is sure to please. Check out the selection of new titles available on the library’s main floor.

Below are several popular new books HSLS has to offer:

Chrysalis: A Thriller by Lincoln Child

The Daughter of Auschwitz: My Story of Resilience, Survival and Hope by Tova Friedman and Malcolm Brabant

Dinners with Ruth: A Memoir on the Power of Friendships by Nina Totenberg

Illegally Yours: A Memoir by Rafael Agustin

Fairy Tale: A Novel by Stephen King Continue reading

HSLS Staff News

The HSLS Staff News section includes recent HSLS presentations, publications, staff changes, staff promotions, degrees earned, and more.


Congratulations to Stephen Gabrielson, Scholarly Communication Librarian, on being awarded the 2022 MAC Award for Professional Excellence by a Health Sciences Librarian by the Mid-Atlantic Chapter of the Medical Library Association.


Stephen Gabrielson, Scholarly Communication Librarian, co-authored the article:

Shaaban CE, Dennis TL, Gabrielson S, Miller LJ, Zellers DF, Levine AS, et al. (2022) Retention, mobility, and successful transition to independence of health sciences postdocs. PLoS ONE 17(11): e0276389. Continue reading

AlphaFold Protein Structure Database: A Must-Have Tool for Biomedical Research

The function of a protein is often determined by how it folds into a 3D structure. Therefore, knowledge of a protein’s structure is essential for a deeper understanding of its role in various cellular processes. However, for most proteins known to mankind, our experimental knowledge lacks their determined structure. For instance, the universal protein database Uniprot archives 229 million unique protein sequences, while the Protein Data Bank, the single worldwide archive for experimentally resolved protein structures, holds 206,000 proteins. X-ray crystallography, or cryo-electron microscopy, the traditional protein-structure-determination method that fires X-rays or electron beams at proteins to create a picture of their shape, is very time-consuming and technologically challenging. It thus contributes to the massive (more than a 1,000-fold) gap between known protein sequences and experimental protein structures.

This gap could be closed by predicting proteins’ 3D configurations straight from their linear amino acid sequence, a solution that AlphaFold may offer. AlphaFold is a program powered by artificial intelligence (AI), developed by DeepMind, part of Alphabet Inc., Google’s parent company. AlphaFold transforms a protein’s sequence into its structure with high accuracy. EMBL-European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), partnering with DeepMind, made the predicted structures of over 200 million cataloged proteins available to science through the AlphaFold Protein Structure Database (AlphaFold DB). This freely available resource offers programmatic access to its data and interactive visualization of predicted structures. Continue reading

The EBM Resource Pyramid: Helping to Find and Use the Strongest Evidence

The EBM Resource Pyramid guide from HSLS enables health sciences readers to tour the hierarchy and levels of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and practice in a self-paced manner. Evidence-based resources beyond medicine are included, such as nursing and physiotherapy. The graphical display of the pyramid breaks down the categories into seven levels. Those levels are matched with links to HSLS resources, each described in detail. Incorporated into the pyramid structure are the distinctions between filtered and unfiltered resources. Via this guide, you can quickly link to groups of filtered and unfiltered resources.

Not all evidence is created equal. The pyramid’s structure facilitates recognition and grading of the evidence. The evidence at the top (systematic reviews) ranks higher than that at lower levels (e.g., cohort studies). For instance, a guideline formulated by a Delphi survey of experts’ opinions rates weaker than one based on systematic reviews of guideline recommendations. Hints for searching for evidence in the various database descriptions help guide strategies to find the strongest levels of evidence. Continue reading

Featured Workshop on Risk of Bias: What Is It? How Do I Assess For It? What Do I Use To Assess?

Join us for a new workshop on Risk of Bias:

Thursday, November 10, from noon to 1 p.m., online

Register for Risk of Bias: What is it? How do I assess for it? What do I use to assess?*

Assessing for Risk of Bias (RoB) is one of the expected steps when conducting a systematic review, but it can also be used to self-assess study conduct as practiced or as written in your proposal or protocol. Risk of bias assessments are important in research to determine flaws in the design, conduct, or analysis of randomized trials and other types of studies that could lead to an overestimation or underestimation of the true effect of the intervention or exposure. Continue reading

Treasures from the Rare Book Room: A Complete Treatise on Childbirth Well-Valued in 18th-Century France

Guillaume Mauquest de la Motte was a surgeon-accoucheur. Accoucheurs were male surgeons specializing in childbirth, which became fashionable in 17th-century France as an alternative to the tradition of women as birth attendants. In the early 18th century, accoucheurs were at the center of a polemic by physician Philippe Hecquet, who wrote on the indecency of male birthing attendants. Guillaume Mauquest de la Motte, who responded with a defense of accoucheurs, argued that the skills and expertise that accoucheurs have are necessary to save both mother and child. This midwifery debate was more about whether physicians or surgeons are the best medical providers, rather than justifying or challenging the role of midwives. Change was coming. Only seven years later, the first school for surgeons opened in Paris in 1725, and from then on, surgeons’ training began to resemble the training of physicians.

Guillaume Mauquest de la Motte is also the author of one of the best treatises on childbirth (Traité complet des accouchements, 1721), which was also very popular and had multiple editions. Mauquest de La Motte (1655-1737) studied at the Hôtel-Dieu. After obtaining his degree, he returned to his native region of France and established a practice in Valognes in 1701. He became well known and sought after, because he gained a reputation among women for delivering babies safely. He attended to three or four deliveries daily, and he practiced surgery and obstetrics for more than fifty years. The books he published helped solidify his reputation, because his writing was grounded in his extensive experience. Continue reading

HSLS Staff News

The HSLS Staff News section includes recent HSLS presentations, publications, staff changes, staff promotions, degrees earned, and more.


Two new instructional designers have joined HSLS to support the Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) All of Us Program Center (NAPC):

Neda Hashmi, NAPC Instructional Designer, comes to HSLS from AppFolio, where she designed and developed employee training and Help Center content for a cloud-based property management firm, and Rumie, where she designed learning experiences for open online courses reaching broad audiences. Hashmi also has more than ten years of experience in freelance content and technical writing, teaching, and other experiences that involve creative storytelling, visual arts, and digital media that complement her skills in training development and design. For NAPC, Hashmi will support the design and development of learning experiences and programs for National Program Training, which focuses on public-serving NNLM audiences like public libraries and community-based organizations and the communities that they serve.

Patrick Norman, NAPC Instructional Designer, comes to HSLS from Erlanger Health System in Chattanooga, TN, where he designed and delivered employee training at the multi-hospital academic medical center. He holds a Master of Education, and his professional experiences also include leadership development support at Teach For America, curriculum design and digital content production for a NASA education grant, and service in the U. S. Marine Corps Reserve. For NAPC, Norman will support the design and development of trainings and learning experiences for healthcare provider organizations, community engagement partners, and NIH program staff who work within the All of Us Research Program. Continue reading

Enhance Your Learning with Microsoft HoloLens and AnatomyX at the HSLS VR LearnSpace

HSLS is pleased to introduce its new Microsoft HoloLens headset, which is now available to borrow from the HSLS Technology Help Desk with your valid Pitt ID. The Microsoft HoloLens is a standalone virtual reality system in which players interact with 3D holograms through voice, touch, and hand gestures. When using the HoloLens, players can always see both their physical environment and virtual images, which makes this an ideal system for those new to virtual worlds.

To complement the HoloLens, HSLS is excited to offer full access to AnatomyX, an augmented reality anatomy lab and learning platform supported by the HoloLens. AnatomyX features over 5,000 detailed anatomical models of the human body and provides users with current information about anatomy functions, etymology, and more. Interested faculty members are encouraged to inquire about AnatomyX’s customizable learning experiences, available through features such as buildable quizzes.

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International Open Access Week, October 24-30: Think Globally, Learn Locally

Open access to scientific research made headlines this summer when the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a new memo on August 25, 2022, with updated requirements for federally funded research, to make publications and results freely and immediately available. Learn more about open access for scientific publications, data, and software with classes at the Health Sciences Library System during International Open Access Week, a week of global advocacy for open access to research, happening from October 24 through 30.

Whether you’re new to open access or have specific questions, drop-in sessions are a great place to talk with HSLS specialists. Join Stephen Gabrielson, the library’s Scholarly Communication Librarian, for “Open Access Drop-In Session: How Does Open Access Publishing Work?” on Monday, October 24, from 11 a.m. to noon. Bring your questions about how to publish open-access articles, sources of funding for article processing fees (APCs), how to find reputable no-APC journals, and how to self-archive your manuscript in an open-access repository. HSLS also has a guide to scholarly communication and publishing, including open-access publishing, available all the time: Scholarly Communication and Publishing Guide.

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Explore Chemical and Drug Information with PubChem

Two resources, ChemIDplus and the Drug Information Portal, are being retired by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) by mid-December 2022, as announced in the NLM Technical Bulletin. PubChem will serve as NLM’s single source for chemical information after ChemIDplus and the Drug Information Portal are retired. All of the data found in ChemIDplus and the Drug Information Portal is currently available and will continue to be available in PubChem.

PubChem is the world’s largest collection of freely accessible chemical information. Search chemicals by name, molecular formula, structure, and other identifiers. Find chemical and physical properties, biological activities, safety and toxicity information, patents, literature citations, and more. About PubChem provides a wealth of information about using PubChem, including sections on PubChem News, What’s in PubChem, PubChem Search and Tools, and Programmatic Access.

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Basic and Advanced EndNote Classes

Join HSLS for two classes on EndNote, a well-known reference management tool that helps to streamline your entire research process.

Register for Basic EndNote online class*: Wednesday, October 12 from 2 to 3:30 p.m.

Register for Advanced EndNote online class*: Wednesday, October 19 from 10 to 11:30 a.m.

Basic EndNote is a popular HSLS class, which introduces the citation management software with hands-on practice.

After class, attendees will be able to:
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